Ja trots att Barack Obama bara har varit president i litet mer än ett år så har han försökt, och misslyckats att få Netanyahu-regeringen med sig på ett genomgripande fredsinitiativ i Mellanöstern.
Obamas problem är att han verkar tro att Mellanöstern är som Chicago där han i sin ungdom jobbade som socialarbetare med att bygga allianser med olika grupperingar, som Kenneth T Walsh har skrivit om i US News: On the Streets of Chicago, a Candidate Comes of Age As a community organizer, Obama was a pragmatic leader
As a community organizer in the Altgeld Gardens public housing project in the mid-1980s, Obama, then 23, quickly emerged as a tireless and pragmatic advocate for the community—traits that characterize the kind of president he says he wants to be. “His work as a community organizer was really a defining moment in his life, not just his career,” his wife, Michelle, told U.S. News. It helped him decide “how he would impact the world”—assisting people in defining their mutual interests and working together to improve their lives.
Men hur framgångsrik han än var i Chicago så är Mellanöstern och dess superbuse Binjamin Netanyahu något helt annat än de smågangstrar från Chicago som Obama är van vid.
Men han ger inte upp i första taget och efter att ha förlorat i två spektakulära raka sätt så försöker Obama nu alltså en tredje gång.
Isabel Kershner skriver i New York Times om Obamas senaste initiativ: Netanyahu Travels to Egypt for Indirect Talks – NYTimes.com
The talks, expected in days, will be the first in more than a year. But the atmosphere in the region was hardly enthusiastic, with Israeli officials expressing skepticism about the prospects of a breakthrough and Palestinian officials warning Israel against taking any steps that could torpedo the talks. The so-called proximity talks, to be brokered by the American envoy, George J. Mitchell, were delayed in March after the Israeli government announced plans for new Jewish housing in contested East Jerusalem. .. But the Palestinians insist that there will be no resumption of direct talks without a complete settlement construction freeze by Israel, including any additional Jewish housing in East Jerusalem, which the Palestinians claim as their future capital. Israel is committed to a partial freeze in the West Bank settlements until late September, but refuses to include East Jerusalem, where it claims sovereignty.
Tony Karon speglar den massiva skepticismen i USA över Obamas tredje försök: Little Optimism in Israeli-Palestinian Final-Status Talks – TIME
The Israeli leadership does not believe a final agreement is possible now, not only because of differences between the two sides on issues such as Jerusalem, settlements and the rights of Palestinian refugees but also because they recognize that Palestinian Authority President Mahmoud Abbas has too little political authority to sell any agreement to his people.
Reuters skriver i New York Times om Obama, Netanyahu Want Direct Peace Talks Soon – White House – NYTimes.com
“The president spoke late this morning with Israeli Prime Minister Netanyahu,” Gibbs said at his daily news briefing. “They discussed how best to work together to achieve comprehensive peace in the Middle East, in particular by making full use of substantive proximity talks between Israel and the Palestinians and transitioning to direct negotiations as soon as possible.” Gibbs said the two leaders also discussed regional challenges, and that Obama “reaffirmed his unshakable commitment” to the security of Israel. But many observers question whether the latest effort can succeed where years of diplomacy have failed.
Nadia Hijab & Jesse Rosenfeld skriver i Syria Comment om hur Netanyahu steg för steg befäster sina positioner på Västbanken och gör ett fritt Palestina omöjligt: Syria Comment Â» Archives Â» Iran, Syria, and US in War of Words as West Bank is Digested by Israel
New evidence indicates that the PA’s ambitious road-building program “heavily funded by the United States and Europe “is being used by Israel to facilitate settlement expansion….. many of the new roads facilitate Israeli settlement expansion and pave the way for the seizure of main West Bank highways for exclusive Israeli use. For decades Israel has carried out its own infrastructure projects in the occupied West Bank and East Jerusalem. These include a segregated road network that, together with the separation wall Israel began building in 2002, divides Palestinian areas from each other while bringing the settlements “all of which are illegal under international law “closer to Israel. Now, armed with information from United Nations sources and their own research, Palestinian nongovernmental organizations are raising the alarm. Their evidence spotlights the extent to which PA road-building is facilitating the Israeli goal of annexing vast areas of the West Bank “making a viable Palestinian state impossible. ¦.
Julian Borger skriver i Guardian om att Obama kan komma att lägga fram ett förslag om att Mellanöstern blir atomvapenfritt, något som Netanyahu knappast kommer att gå med på: US and Russia to propose ban on WMD in Middle East | World news | The Guardian
The US and Russia have drafted an initiative to ban nuclear weapons and other weapons of mass destruction in the Middle East, the Guardian has learned. ….But it is unclear whether the initiative, aimed at reviving a largely-forgotten 15-year-old agreement with some tentative practical steps, will go far enough for Egypt, a key player at this month’s talks. Cairo has long championed the idea of a WMD-free Middle East as a means of exerting pressure on Israel, the only country with nuclear weapons in the region. In return for backing a Middle East nuclear weapons-free zone, Washington will want support from Egypt and other non-weapons states to isolate Iran, impose greater penalties for leaving the NPT, and give the UN nuclear watchdog more teeth to curb proliferation.
Charles Levinson skriver i Wall Street Journal om de nya löften som Obama sägs ha gett till palestinierna: U.S. Pledge Helped Bring Abbas Back to Talks – WSJ.com
The White House brought Palestinians back on board for derailed Mideast peace talks with a pledge that the U.S. would consider allowing a United Nations Security Council resolution ‘if one should arise ‘condemning Israel for building in disputed territory, according to officials briefed on the diplomacy.”The Palestinians were given the impression by the American side that things are not going to be business as usual as far as negotiations are concerned,” a senior Palestinian official said. The no-veto pledge helped persuade the Palestinians to return to the talks.
Dagens Nyheter om hur barnen i det blockerade Gaza nu har fått tillgång till datorer: Datorer till Gazas barn – DN.se
Datorerna, som är gröna och vita, är konstruerade för att vara robusta och energisnåla. Många av barnen sade att de tänkte chatta med kompisar och spela spel. Enligt FN är tanken att elever och lärare ska kunna kommunicera via trådlöst internet och kunna fortsätta skolarbetet under orostider. De små och lätta datorerna har bra trådlösa uppkopplingar och kan låna varandras tillgång till internet. De kan också kopplas till solceller eller till konstruktioner med pedaler om det inte finns någon ström.
Tim Franks skriver på BBC News om hur de israeliska bosättarna använder sig av palestinier för att utvidga sina bosättningar, något som den palestinska regeringen nu vill få stopp på:BBC News – Settlement ban fear of Palestinian labourers
Were a ban to come into effect Mr Saditsky says he would have no choice but to bring in workers from Jerusalem. That, in turn, would mean the price of houses would go up. It is difficult to know precisely how many Palestinians work in the approximately 120 settlements dotted across the West Bank. One estimate puts it around 30,000. And those Palestinians are coming up against an increasingly concerted campaign, led by the PA, against the settlements. On Monday Palestinian Authority President Mahmoud Abbas signed a law banning settlement produce from Palestinian shops in the West Bank. Traders who break the law face prison and a heavy fine. And now senior officials in the PA have told the BBC that, come the end of the year, Palestinians will be breaking the law if they work in the settlements – despite the considerable economic pain this might cause. Palestinian Economy Minister Hasan Abu-Libdeh is helping to lead the drive. “The process we are embarked on will clean the Palestinian economy and society from any association with settlements,” he says from his modest office in Ramallah.
Ian Black skriver i om palestiniernas alltmer desperata situation: Is the Middle East on a peace process to nowhere? | World news | guardian.co.uk
..Israel’s domination, he says, is now complete, while the Palestinians are fragmented into five enclaves “ inside Israel, in the West Bank, East Jerusalem, the Gaza Strip, and the diaspora. In this situation, the concept of two states is misleading. “What does it mean, a state? It’s a solution for less than one quarter of the Palestinian people on an area that is less than 10% of historic Palestine.” Palestinian leaders who are ready to accept this “are a bunch of traitors to their own cause”. Ramallah, prosperous headquarters of Abbas’s Palestinian Authority and the recipient of millions of dollars in foreign aid, is a “bubble in which those who steal the money can enjoy themselves”. .
Det är som sagt få om ens någon som tror på Obamas löften om “change we can believe in” när det gäller Mellanöstern, speciellt eftersom han har hittills har visat sig så undfallande mot Netanyahu.
Ett tredje misslyckande är därför det mest troliga och frågan då är om Obama vågar sätta sin Plan B i verklighet, en internationell konferens om fred i Mellanöstern. Det skulle i så fall knappast bli förrän nästa år, vilket skulle betyda att Netanyahu skulle har lyckats att vinna en två års tidsfrist.
[tags] Israel, Västbanken, Palestina, Gaza, Benjamin Netanyahu,Salam Fayyad, Mahmoud Abbas [/tags]