Jan Sandred Ã¤r en svensk journalist som jobbade pÃ¥ San Francisco Chronicle
och nu jobbar pÃ¥ Biotech Sweden
Han har skrivit en rapport om vad Sverige kan lÃ¤ra av Silicon Valley.
Eftersom Sverige nu satsar stort pÃ¥ att bli ett innovativt kunskapssamhÃ¤lle sÃ¥ kan man lÃ¤ra sig mycket frÃ¥n Silicon Valley, som inte bara Ã¤r vÃ¤rldsledande inom IT utan ocksÃ¥ inom bioteknologi.
Det svenska initiativet heter Innovativa Sverige – en strategi fÃ¶r tillvÃ¤xt genom fÃ¶rnyelse och den som vill lÃ¤ra sig mer om detta initiativ kan lÃ¤sa originaldokumentet hÃ¤r.
Silicon Valley of strategic interest in Swedish Government strategy
Only a few years ago it was virtually impossible to talk about entrepreneurship in Sweden.
The Swedish economy has since the 1960s been designed for large multinational corporations.
Entrepreneurs were treated either as an absent-minded Gyro Gearloose (âUppfinnarjockeâ?) or
a greedy capitalist.
Times they are a-changinâ. In recent years the Swedish Government has changed their mind
The recently published Swedish Government Official Report âInnovativa Sverige â en strategi
fÃ¶r tillvÃ¤xt genom fÃ¶rnyelseâ? is a strategy for how to make Sweden âEuropeâs most
competitive, dynamic and knowledge-based economy,â? and â?one of the worldâs most
attractive countries for investmentsâ?. The report is written in cooperation between the
Ministry for Education and Science and the Ministry of Industry, Employment and
Communication and signed by the ministers.
Silicon Valley A Strategic Market
The ministries want to âstimulate the international people flow between business and
academy, the public and privateâ? to âcatch the opportunities of globalization.â?
The report mentions the âimportance to promote the establishment of Swedish companies in
strategically important markets.â?
You do not need to be a Kremlinologist to realize that they mean High-tech and Silicon
Valley (among some other important regions). This most certainly means more Swedish
activity in the Bay Area in the near future, promoted by the Swedish Government.
Start-ups vital for the Swedish economy
New business start-ups are today considered vital for the Swedish economy. Therefore the
Swedish Government is working to improve the business environment, by developing
favorable framework conditions not only for established companies, but also for new
One important aim of this new business development strategy is to promote sustainable
economic growth and higher employment through more enterprises. The new report covers
areas like business development, promotion of entrepreneurship, innovation development,
regulatory simplification, competition promotion, tourism promotion and issues related to
intellectual property law and the right of association.
Formula for Results Based on US Model
Interestingly one of the ideas suggested in the report is based on the US Small Business
Innovation Research, SBIR.
Small high-tech businesses are one of the biggest drivers of economic growth in the
industrialized economies. However, such small firms too often have difficulty finding funds
for start-up and early growth. The SBIR programme guarantees that a certain proportion of
federal research funding goes to small businesses. In 1982, the US Congress adopted an act
requiring all federal agencies with annual research budgets of over $100 million to set aside
2.5 percent of their funds for small firms.
âThe focus was on small businesses, as these were seen as a fertile source of job creation. But
SBIR was also a way to bring new technologies into government missions,â?says Charles
Wessner of the US National Research Council, who has led major evaluations of SBIR and is
also an expert advisor to the Swedish Government agency Vinnova.
SBIR has been very successful. For example, Symantec, one of the worldâs leading producers
of virus protection software, was started in 1982 with SBIR funds from the National Science