Politik

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SvD understreckare om boken Imperial Hubris

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SvD har en välbehövlig understreckare av Carl Johan Gardell om boken Imperial Hubris skiven av en icke namngiven CIA-analytiker. (Tack för tipset och kopian Jan-Inge!) . Den här boken är utomordentligt viktig inte minst för att den kommer innifrån CIA och därför med stor säkerhet representar synen på kriget i Afganistan och Irak av ett stort antal amerikanska underrättelseofficerare. Situationen i de båda länderna är mycket allvarlig den blir bara allvarligare dag för dag.

Jag bifogar en del av recensionen av samma bok i New York Times.


‘Imperial Hubris,” the scalding new book by a current Central Intelligence Agency officer — who was able to publish the book on the condition that his real name not be revealed — is an assessment of America’s war on terror that is bound to provoke large heapings of controversy, on both the right and the left, among hardliners on Iraq and critics of the administration alike. Readers will doubtless contest some or many of the things Anonymous has to say, but he pulls few punches in this book and gives us a fascinating window on America’s war with Al Qaeda — at least as framed by one senior analyst, who seems to have put all bureaucratic niceties aside.

It is a book that not only slings all manner of arrows at America’s political, military and intelligence establishment (going back to the mid-70’s, with the qualified exception of President Ronald Reagan and his C.I.A. director, William J. Casey), but a book that also calls for a complete re-evaluation of the nation’s foreign policy toward Muslims and the Middle East.

In its pages, prescient analyses of recent developments in the Persian Gulf and Middle East (informed by the author’s experience in the mid-1990’s as head of a C.I.A. unit assigned to tracking Osama bin Laden) jostle for space with incendiary calls for a Shermanesque exercise of American military power in a potential war with the Muslim world; maverick assessments of Islamic attitudes toward the United States, with shrill exhortations for America to adopt a neo-isolationist stance based on narrowly defined self-interest.

If the country’s foreign policy remains status quo, Anonymous warns, ”America’s military confrontation with Islam” will broaden ”with escalating human and economic expense.” He predicts that Al Qaeda ”will attack the continental United States again, that its next strike will be more damaging than that of 11 September 2001, and could include use of weapons of mass destruction.”

In addition, Anonymous accuses United States leaders, elites and media of being in denial about the nature of the Qaeda threat and the balance sheet on the war on terror: he argues that America must stop using the terrorist paradigm for Al Qaeda and accept ”the fact” that the group is ”leading a popular, worldwide, and increasingly powerful Islamic insurgency,” and he asserts that United States victories against Al Qaeda have thus far been tactical ones that have failed to slow ”the shift in strategic advantage toward al Qaeda.”

In the course of this book, Anonymous excoriates American leaders for not having had an immediate military response planned for an event like 9/11: ”None had been planned in the eleven months since the attack on the U.S.S. Cole, or in the five-plus years since bin Laden declared war” on the United States.

And he assails American generals for passively accepting their civilian leaders’ directives for waging light, fast operations (of the sort favored by Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld). ”Fight and win quickly; do not kill many of the enemy, destroy much of his property, or kill many of his civilians; and, above all, lose the barest minimum of U.S. soldiers because the soft American public will not tolerate high casualties” — this sort of cautious, fastidious war-making, Anonymous contends, is ”a recipe for disaster,” invariably leaving behind ”half-finished or, more accurately, half-started wars that will be refought later.”

De sårade soldaterna kommer hem

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Mer och mer information kommer nu fram om de problem som de nästan 30.000 sårade amerikanska soldaterna i Irak och Afganistan har när de kommer hem.
(Det är antalet soldater som har sökt hjälp från den s.k Veterans Administration, det department som hjälper amerikanska soldater sedan de har återvänt till det civila livet. Det ligget ett stort sådant sjukhus här i Silicon Valley) Det är inte bara de ofta fruktansvärda fysiska skadorna, det är också en stor procent mentala skador. Många, upp till en tredjedel, har inte fått någon hjälp alls. Då får man komma ihåg att dessa soldater inte kan tjäna sitt uppehälle och ofta måste försörja en familj. Och siffran bara stiger.

Through the end of April, the most recent accounting the VA could provide, a total of 166,334 veterans of operations in Iraq and Afghanistan had separated from military service, and 26,633 — 16 percent — had filed benefits claims with the VA for service-connected disabilities. Less than two-thirds of those claims had been processed, leaving more than 9,750 recent veterans waiting.

Officials expect those numbers to increase as the fighting in Iraq and Afghanistan continues.

De tilltagande ryktena om allmän värnplikt i USA

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Chicago Tribune har en viktig artikel om hur ryktena om att Bush-regeringen har hemliga planer att kalla upp 100.000 amerikanska soldater för ett långvarigt krig i Irak. Detta skulle göra det nödvändigt att återinföra allmän värnplikt i landet. Detta har lett till att stora mängder universitetsungdomar har registrerat sig för det demokratiska partiet.

House Republicans sought Tuesday to quash an undying Internet rumor that the government will reinstate a military draft after the election, hoping with a vote to kill legislation that would do it, and the rumor as well.

The specter of a wartime military draft like that of the Vietnam era has lingered around the presidential campaign for the past few weeks, fueled by an e-mail driven rumor mill and a campaign by Rock the Vote, a nonpartisan group that seeks to boost voting among young people.

The White House on Tuesday accused opponents of President Bush of trying to scare voters with false rumors.

Much of the Internet gossip circling the World Wide Web has suggested that Republicans, including the president, have a plan to surreptitiously bring back the draft in a second Bush term. Democrats say worries about it are spurring voter registration on college campuses and among people in their 20s in urban areas.

“Everywhere they go on the Internet, all they see is the draft, the draft, the draft,” said Rep. Jim McDermott, D-Wash. “The Rock the Vote effort among kids in this country is afire and they (Republicans) know it. They’re trying their best to tamp down this fire.”

The Bush administration has strongly denied any plan to reinstate the draft, but the denials have not killed the rumor.

“There are some who have tried to bring this up as a scare tactic and that is highly unfortunate,” White House spokesman Scott McLellan said Tuesday. “The president does not believe we need a draft and he’s made that repeatedly clear.”

Speaking to Iowa voters Monday, Bush said, “We will not have a draft so long as I am president of the United States.”

Markos Moulitsas om hur bloggare hjälpte Kerry vinna

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Markos Moulitsas har en bra artikel i Guardian om hur bloggare hjälpte Kerry vinna spinnet efter den första debatten. Nu vill republikanerna ha revansch och vi kan vänta oss en mycket tuff uppgörelse efter den andra debatten på Fredag. Republikanerna är fly förbanade och de vill nu visa Kerry vem det är som bestämmer.


Bloggers, thinktanks, the Kerry campaign and the Democratic National Committee (DNC) all worked to fact-check Bush and point out his bizarre behaviour. The flow of information flowed two ways, as the party establishment and allied organisations worked hand-in-hand with the blogs to gather ammunition, then blast it out to the world.

The DNC and bloggers also urged readers and supporters to swamp online polls after the debate, and they did. Hours after the debate, just about every online poll gave Kerry huge victories in the debate. (Ironically, it was conservative activists who pioneered the practice of skewing online polls.)

A GOP conference call for activists was hijacked by Democrats after the number of the meeting and the passcode were published on liberal blogs like Atrios. One blogger described the scene:

Mehlman said Kerry started with a credibility gap and ended with a credibility canyon and babbled in and around this point for five minutes or so. Then they announced that they were going to take three questions. The first was from a “young Republican in Washington”. She proceeded to say that Kerry was very credible and that she had decided to vote for him. The second caller said she thought Kerry would make a credible commander-in-chief and the third call took Bush to task for not mentioning the al Qaida members not captured.

Mehlman apologised to the Bush supporters listening and acknowledged that the call had obviously attracted some Democrats. We had, essentially, hijacked their own spin distribution and thrown it in the GOP’s face.

In addition to hijacking their spin distribution machine, blogs like my Daily Kos gleefully posted poor reviews streaming in from conservative blogs and pundits. What better way to prove that it wasn’t just liberals claiming Kerry won? The Kerry campaign blasted out the juiciest quotes to their supporters and media lists. The morning after, the DNC and amateur video editors had spliced video of Bush’s weird behaviour, distributing their handiwork virally via email, blogs, and personal websites. Republicans did nothing of the sort.

Mannen som spelade Bush

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Det var Greg Craig, advokaten som hjälpte till att befria den kubanske pojken Elian Gonzales, som spelade George Bush under Kerrys debattförberedelser. Newsweek har mer om hur man förberedde sig:


The roots of Kerry’s Miami victory reach deeper than war news and his own wiliness. Even as they tried to lower expectations, his inner circle couldn’t escape the sense of certainty—expressed as early as last summer on Nantucket—that their guy would win the confrontations. He curbed his habit of calling all manner of friends and advisers, limiting his contact to a small circle led by debate briefer Ron Klain, traveling aide John Sasso and speechwriter (and former collegiate debating champion) Bob Shrum. They gathered for practice in an aluminum shed on the House on the Rock Resort in rural Wisconsin. Ever the serious student, Kerry staged four mock debates at night in recent weeks, videotaping his performances and timing himself with a stopwatch. He carried a set of huge briefing books with him, methodically studying the material.

The emphasis wasn’t on substance—the man knew it cold—but on brevity. After each mock debate (Washington lawyer Greg Craig played George Bush), Kerry would sit on the edge of the stage, analyze his performance and hone his answers. Kerry’s aides were so confident that they had schooled him in concision that they used his reputation as a windbag to play—and win—an expectations game on debate day. They say they circulated a bogus rumor: they were upset about warning lights on the podiums, fearing their blabbermouth candidate would be bathed in flashing red. In the end, it was Bush—not Kerry—who ran afoul of the strict time limits and earned a blinking light.

Och som Time magazine skriver:

Kerry won the debate on Bush’s favorite intangible: the appearance of strength. The President, who was so comfortable through three debates against Al Gore, appeared “annoyed,” as Fox News’s Brit Hume put it. Actually, it was worse than that: Bush seemed the lesser man. Kerry stood ramrod straight and preternaturally calm. Bush squirmed and grimaced behind his lectern. When he leaned down and in to make a point, he appeared to be ducking for cover. As the debate wore on, his pauses lengthened—several times he had that lost look on his face, the look he had when he was stuck reading My Pet Goat after learning of the 9/11 attacks. The next day, Rush Limbaugh was screaming at his audience, berating the ditto-heads for sending him defeatist e-mails with suggestions about what Bush might have done better. He called Kerry an S.O.B. who wanted a “freaking” global test for the use of force. Clearly, some blood had been drawn.

Tisdagens viktiga vicepresidentdebatt

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Newsweek har en bra analys av hur viktig Edwards debatt mot USAs egen Darth Vader, Dick Cheney har blivit.

USAs befolkning vet nu att Kerry vann debatten och att Bush uppträdande var minst sagt besynnerligt. Bush kommer säkert att strama upp sig till nästa debatt, men under tiden har Edwards en chans att visa världen hur USAs mörka undersida ser ut. Om Edwards, som är en skicklig talare, gör lika bra ifrån sig som Kerry mot Bush, och om Kerry också vinner nästa debatt mot Bush på Fredag så skulle Kerry ha en riktig chans. Bush lever i sin egen värld utan kontakt med människor utanför. han håller t.ex. aldrig presskonferenser. Han tolererar inte oliktänkande. Och det var därför han hade så svårt i debatten mot Kerry. Håll tummarna för Edwards och Kerry nu i veckan, allas våra liv kan bero på deras framgång.


And Edwards, in the first one-on-one debate of his career, is clearly outmatched in both experience and expectations. “All I know about Richard Bruce Cheney is there’s no one like him on the face of the political earth. He has answers,” says his friend Alan Simpson, the former senator from Wyoming. On Tuesday, Simpson predicts, “He’ll crack a few jokes, try to wipe the smile off Edwards’s face and just show stability, common sense and the fact that we’re right.” Edwards, a former trial lawyer, “is a sharp guy, but you’re not talking to a jury of 12 that you picked,” Simpson adds. “Cheney’s been dealing with lawyers all of his life, and you can’t irritate people by taking on lawyers.”

The danger for Cheney, though, in the debate and beyond, is in the temptation to overstate his case. Polls show most people thought he did that when he drew a straight line between a Kerry victory in November and more terrorist attacks: “It’s absolutely essential that eight weeks from today, on Nov. 2, we make the right choice,” he said, “because if we make the wrong choice then the danger is we’ll be hit again in a way that will be devastating.” From here on out, Cheney’s biggest challenge is to be tough without overdoing it.

He hasn’t always been seen as the scary guy that former Bush supporter and radio politico Don Imus last week called “an evil presence on the planet.”

Slashdots arkitektur

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När vi diskuterar framgångsrika blog-arkitekturer så skall vi inte glömma Slashdot.

Slashdot är en av webbens absolut bästa nyhetssajter om teknologi. Intressant nog är den baserad på Apache och MySQL, och med RSS för nyhetsflödena.

Jag tror att förutsättningen för att bloggar skall bli lika framgångsrika i Sverge som de är här i USA är att vi får något som liknar Slashdot och daily kos . också i Sverige.

Två svenska organisationer i USA

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Det finns två intressanta svenska organisationer i USA. Den mest intressanta är Swedish Women’s Educational Association International Föreningen har


8 000 medlemmar i 76 lokalföreningar i 34 länder på sex kontinenter. Föreningen startades av Agneta Nilsson i Los Angeles 1979

Det var mycket framsynt av Agneta Nilsson att starta ett nätverk av svenska kvinnor i USA. Många av dem är gifta med amerikaner och har små möjligheter att behålla sitt språk och kultur på något annat sätt. Och att sedan sprida denna ide över hela världen var verkligen storslaget. Idag, 25 år senare, befinner vi oss i en helt annan värld där man kan resa till USA utan att nödvändigtvis bli kvar där som immigrant livet ut.

Vikins är en engelsktalande organisation av IT-anställda svenskar i Silicon Valley. Organisationens fokus är affärskontakter inom IT-sektorn här i området. Det finns ett stort antal liknande professionella organisationer bland t.ex. indiska och kinesiska IT-ingenjörer här i dalen.

Varför läser svenskarna så många deckare?

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Den moderna svenska deckaren började med Stieg Trenter under andra världskriget. Sen kom Sjöwall och Wahlöö och idag verkar svenskarna läsa nästan ingenting annat än deckare. Inget tantsnusk, inga bildande romaner, inga reseskildringar, ingenting, bara deckare. Är detta en riktig trend och isåfall kan någon förklara den? Är det samma sak i andra europeiska länder? Jag ser inte samma extrema deckartrend här i landet.

Stressen i den amerikanska armen

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Los Angeles Times harbra artikel om hur Irak- och Afganistan-kriget allt mer tär på den amerikanska armens resurser.

Dagens hemligheltsfulla amerikanska administration har hittlis lyckats hålla förhållandena inom armen hemliga med hjälp av de högre officerarna.

WASHINGTON — The U.S. military lacks sufficient personnel to meet the nation’s current war and peacekeeping demands throughout the world in coming years, despite steps being taken by the Army to stretch its ranks and increase the number of soldiers available for combat, according to a Pentagon advisory board.

The report by the Defense Science Board, a panel of outside advisors to Defense Secretary Donald H. Rumsfeld, argues that “inadequate total numbers” of troops mean the United States can “not sustain our current and projected global stabilization commitments.” Army initiatives to create more combat brigades out of its 10 active divisions are “important, but partial, steps toward enhanced stabilization operations,” the panel said.

Los Angeles Times om USAs rykte i världen

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Den tyska kanslern Bismarck. Bilden tillhör University of Texas

Los Angeles Times har en mycket bra artikel om hur utlandet ser på det neokonservativa USAs unilaterala utrikespolitik.
Jag tror inte att det är så mycket det faktum att politiken är unilateral som oroar så många, det är att politiken inte har ett klart mål.

Kritiken har också mycket att göra med vem det är som leder den amerikanska utrikespolitiken. Det är inte Powell och utrikesdepartementet. Det är Cheney, Bush och Rumsfeld. Och dessa tre har aldrig någonsin formulerat hur freden skall se ut. Dvs kriget utkämpar inte för att nå en klart formulerad fred. Det utlämpas för att nå helt oklara mål som mest verkar gå ut på att försäkra USA om Iraks olja och Israel om ett stor-Israel fri från bråkiga palestinier.

Den tyske kanslern Bismark anses alltmänt som en exemplarisk statsman eftersom han utkämpade ett antal krig, men alltid för begränsade och klart definierade politiska mål.

Jag är själv övertygad om att vi ser första akten av en stor tragedi som på sikt kan utmynna i ett nytt storkrig. När nazisterna kom till makten i Tyskland så var det många svenskar som hade lärt känna Weimarrepublikens Tyskland och som inte förstod eller ville förstå att Hitler var fundamentalt olik de andra politikerna i Weimarrepubliken.

Någon borde f.ö. skriva en bok om de många svenska ungdomar som Ingar Bergman och spionen Stig Wennerström som bodde som utbytesstudenter i nazityskland och deras upplevelser där.

Idag ser vi samma försvar av det radikala republikanska partier i bl.a. Sverige och resultatet blir att amerikanerna aldrig får höra någon kritik från utlandet. Palmes insatser under Vietnamkriget gjorde stort intryck i USA, liksom Anna Lindhs mer nyligen mer nyanserade kritik. Vi vet idag att Bush kände till Lindhs kritik och var förbannad på henne. En sak som republikanerna delar med nazisterna och kommunisterna är att inget av parterna kunde tolerera den minsta kritik. “Är ni inte för oss är ni emot oss”. Den sloganen gäller idag mer än någonsin.

Vi står nu ansikt mot ansikte mot fyra mer år av USA lett av ett alltmer radikaliserat republikanskt parti. Vi bör alla darra litet i knävecken denna oktobersöndag inför vad det kommer att betyda av krig och misär i världen.

Här är utdrag ur Los Angeles Times artikel:


International terrorism has given rise to new ground zeros. Much of Europe and the world feel insecure, but a growing number of nations no longer look to the U.S. for leadership and sanctuary. The Bush administration’s unilateralist policies in Iraq and its perceived aloofness have left it less trusted at a time of widening global vulnerability, according to polls and interviews in more than 30 countries.

Osama bin Laden remains on the loose. Videos of hostage beheadings in Iraq flicker across the Internet. The nuclear aspirations of North Korea and Iran are troubling. Many countries feel powerless to stop the onslaught and recognize that the U.S. is the only nation militarily strong enough to serve as a bulwark against increasing dangers. But they also feel powerless to persuade Washington to adopt a more nuanced, multilateral strategy.

One of the sharpest differences between the U.S. and its longtime allies is over the issue of when to use force. A June poll conducted in part by the German Marshall Fund of the United States found that 54% of the Americans surveyed, compared with 28% of the Europeans, believed that military strength would ensure peace. Among Europeans, 73% said the war in Iraq had increased the threat of terrorism.

The disparity represents two dynamics: The world has yet to understand how Sept. 11, 2001, jolted America’s sense of security, and the U.S. has underestimated how much international credibility it sacrificed in the Iraq war.

Federal Enterprise Architecture

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Det skulla vara intressant att veta om den svenska regeringen har något som liknar den amerikanska regeringens Federal Enterprise Architecture För att kuna implementera artikteturen, som kommer att bli en s.k. service-oriented arkitektur baserad på Web Services, så kommer den amerikanska federala regeringens nätverksbudget att öka från $1.3 tusen milioner till $2 tusen miljoner år 2008.
Man sätter in webkonferenses efter som resebudgetarna trimmas. Voice Over IP ersätter den äldre analoga telefonin och man går från desktopdatorer till bärbara datorer. Och man går till IEEE 802.11x mobilt Internet. Man sätter in 802.11n standarden på sina WiFI-nät för att få bandvidden till 100 Mbps. Man är också mycket intresserad av IEEE 802.16 WiMax eftersom den standarden når betydlgit längre än WiFi.