Politik

Budgetstupet i USA: Massiv kritik mot Obamas ensidiga kompromiss med Tepartyrepublikanerna

Budgetstupet i USA handlar om de brutala effekterna av de skattesänkningar som republikanerna drev igenom under president George Bush och som var avsedda att riva upp USA:s sociala skyddsnät, dramatiskt sänka medelklassens levnadsstandard och överföra besparingarna till de rikaste en procent av USA:s befolkning.

Resultatet skulle bli ett nytt pastoralt USA där det enda departement som skulle kvarstå skulle vara ett gigantiskt Pentagon, där all administrativ makt skulle tillfalla delstaterna och där alla amerikaner skulle tvingas stå på egna ben. En återgång till det USA som ansågs existera före Franklin D. Roosevelts reformer under den Stora Depressionen på 1930-talet.

De dramatiska förhandlingarna mellan demokrater och republikaner i Washington handlar alltså om att balansera statens inkomster och utgifter. Tepåserepublikanerna, som ledd svidande förluster i novembervalen är fortfarande obenägna till varje form av kompromiss med demokraterna och insisterar på ytterligare skattesänkningar och ett slut på USA:s budgetunderskott minskar, något som skulle störta medelklassen i fördärvet och innebära en ekonomisk åstramning i ett dåligt konjunkturläge och en ny recession. Det perfekta utgångsläget för dramatiska republikanska segrar i kongressvalet om två år.

President Obama gick in i förhandlingarna med kravet på skattehöjningar för familjer som tjänar mer än $250 000 per år. Men i stället för att hålla fast vid det kravet så backade han nästan omedelbart och den budgetuppgörelse som nu ligger på bordet i Senaten handlar om skattehöjningar för familjer som tjänar mer än $450 000 per år.

En kapitulation som har retat gallan på Obamas gräsrötter. Det betyder nämligen att nästa budgetkris ligger alldeles runt hörnet, i februari-mars, när demokrater och republikaner återigen måste gå igenom uppslitande förhandlingar om USA:s långsiktiga budgetunderskott och en höjning av skuldtaket.

Allt tyder på att Obama återigen kommer att välja en taktisk reträtt som tvingar honom till ytterligare eftergifter om nedskärningar av medelklassens sociala skyddsnät.

Och eftersom Obama bara har två år på sig innan nästa kongressval så befinner han sig i tepåserepublikanernas skruvstäd. Hela hans andra presidentperiod, som i praktiken slutar om två år, kommer att upptas med den här bärsärkagången mot republikanerna.

New York Times skriver på ledarplats: A Tepid Fiscal Agreement

Nonetheless, this deal is a weak brew that remains far too generous to the rich and fails to bring in enough revenue to deal with the nation’s deep need for public investments. Given that the Bush-era tax cuts expire on Jan. 1, Republicans were forced to give ground on their philosophical opposition to higher taxes, but they made it impossible to reach a farsighted agreement that truly grappled with government’s role in fostering improvements to education, transportation and manufacturing.

The deal, hammered out by the Obama administration and Senate Republican leaders, raises income taxes to Clinton-era levels on families making more than $450,000 a year and individuals making $400,000. That’s a far cry from the $250,000 threshold that Mr. Obama said defined the upper range of the middle class in the campaign.

Kathleen Hennessey och David Lauter skriver i Los Angeles Times: Obama wins ‘fiscal cliff’ victory, but at high cost
The terms of Monday night’s compromise guarantee another pitched battle soon over spending and taxes, and the president will have less leverage.

The agreement to freeze income tax rates for most Americans while allowing them to rise for the wealthiest dealt only with the most pressing elements of the fiscal storm Congress and the president created last year. A newly elected Congress will begin work in a few days and immediately will need to start negotiating yet another deal. That next fight will be aimed at further reducing the long-term deficit and raising the debt ceiling before the government runs out of money to pay its bills — a deadline that will hit sometime in late February or March.

The persistent battle over spending, which already has consumed Washington for two years, threatens to block Obama’s other major legislative priorities, including immigration reform and gun control.

Moreover, to get a deal, Obama had to accept far less new revenue than he had wanted. In his reelection campaign, Obama had called for raising taxes on income over $250,000. The compromise starts the increases at $400,000 for individuals and $450,000 for couples. Overall, the deal is projected to raise about $620 billion in new revenues over the next 10 years, almost $1 trillion less than Obama had asked for.

Without that extra revenue, White House officials have said, the nation eventually will face punishing cuts in Social Security, Medicare and other domestic programs. Concern that the deal included too little revenue led liberals in the Senate to threaten repeatedly Monday to pull the plug. Obama, they said, was giving in too much to Republican demands at the point where he had maximum leverage.

“I just think that’s grossly unfair,” Sen. Tom Harkin (D-Iowa), a liberal leader, said in a Senate speech Monday objecting to the deal. “If we’re going to have some kind of a deal, the deal must be one that really favors the middle class — the real middle class.”

Mer om den svidande kritiken mot Obama: Peter Baker skriver i New York Times: View From the Left: Obama ‘Kept Giving Stuff Away’

President Obama’s fiscal deal with Republicans has touched off a fresh wave of grievance among disappointed liberals who complained that he caved in on taxes and sent a signal that he would ultimately surrender on other priorities as he prepared to open his second term.

While most Democratic senators went along with the compromise in an early-morning vote on Tuesday, activists, labor leaders and liberal economists issued a harsh barrage against the deal. The president, they said, squandered his election victory by allowing too many wealthy Americans to keep income and estate tax cuts that otherwise would have expired.

The criticism frustrated the White House, which argued that the president held true to his top priorities by forcing Republicans to accept higher income tax rates on higher income levels after they had long refused to do so. Aides noted that Mr. Obama also won important concessions in extending unemployment benefits and targeted tax credits, while beating back Republican demands to scale back the growth of entitlement benefits.

Det var inte så här som Obama ville börja sin nya presidentperiod senare i januari, men hans gräsrötter är uppenbarligen enastående arga på hans agenrande i budgetförhandlignarna.

Samtidigt verkar det just nu som om uppretade republikanerna i Representanthuset inte kommer att rösta för överenskommelsen i Senaten.

Jennifer Steinhauer och Jonathan Weisman skriver i New York Times: G.O.P. Anger Over Tax Deal Endangers Final Passage

WASHINGTON — House Republicans reacted with anger Tuesday afternoon to a Senate-passed plan to head off automatic tax increases and spending cuts, putting the fate of the legislation in doubt just hours after it appeared Congress was nearing a resolution of the fiscal crisis.

Lawmakers said that Representative Eric Cantor of Virginia, the No. 2 Republican, indicated to his colleagues in a closed-door meeting in the basement of the Capitol that he could not support the legislation in its current form. Many other Republicans were voicing stiff objections to a plan that they saw as raising taxes while doing little to rein in spending. Several conservatives assailed it on the House floor as the chamber convened at noon for an unusual New Year’s Day session.

The aides said that Speaker John A. Boehner, who had pledged to put any measure the Senate passed on the House floor for a vote, was mainly listening to the complaints of his rank and file and had not taken a firm position on the legislation, though he had clear reservations.

Hur man än ser det så har Obama målat in sig i ett hört med med både de republikanska gräsrötterna och hans egna gräsrötter fly förbannade på honom.

Knappast ett bra utgångsläga inför hans nya presidentperiod.

Pressklipp:
Budgetstupet i USA kan kanske undvikas,USA: Omröstning i ena kammaren uppskjuten,Budgetpaniken i USA växlar upp ytterligare,Budgetstupet här ? formellt,Uppgörelse godkänd i senaten,SvD: Därför Måste USA Banta

[tags]Harry Reid , John Boehner, Nancy Pelosi, Barack Obama , Barack Obama , Video, 2012 Fiscal Cliff, Harry Reid Fiscal Cliff, US Fiscal Cliff, Fiscal Cliff, Fiscal Cliff 2012, Fiscal Cliff Deal, Nancy Pelosi Fiscal Cliff, Obama Fiscal Cliff, The Fiscal Cliff, Us Fiscal Cliff 2012, Politics News [/tags]

2 thoughts on “Budgetstupet i USA: Massiv kritik mot Obamas ensidiga kompromiss med Tepartyrepublikanerna

  1. Magnus

    Egentligen handlar ju den lösning som nu vandrat över till Huset mest om “kicking the can down the road” – den angriper varken de fiskala eller de djupare ekonomiska problemen. Och vi har sett samma sak i Europa de senaste 18 månaderna eller så, med den skillnaden att EU inte har några riktigt starka politiska institutioner som skulle kunna tvinga igenom en enad ekonomisk politik – men däremot har man en centralbank som ibland verkar agera hårdare än Fed: ECB uppträder _som_om_ det redan fanns en stark euro-regering. Bankernas primat, alltså.

Comments are closed.