Politik

Kampen om privata kommunikationer i USA, Apples Tim Cook på Time Magazines omslagssida

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När president Obama ställde sig bakom FBIs kampanj att tvinga Apple att öppna sina krypterade produkter för USA:s spionorganisationer så förändrade han en Pandors Ask och hela det amerikanska samhället. Ett samhälle där medborgarna nu inte längre kommer att åtnjuta yttrande och pressfrihet. Något som kryptoexperten D. J. Bernstein har beskrivit på sin utmärkta kryptoblog Thomas Jefferson and Apple versus the FBI

The Supreme Court says yes: freedom of speech includes “both what to say and what not to say”. There are some exceptions, but the exceptions are very far from the Jefferson case. To summarize, Jefferson has a First Amendment right to avoid writing, and to avoid signing, the instructions demanded by the government.

Apple has the same First Amendment right. The distinction between software and other instructions isn’t relevant to the free-speech analysis.

My guess is that courts will say no to the FBI interpretation of the All Writs Act, without reaching the First Amendment issues. But this obviously won’t be the end of government efforts to control software publishers. Fortunately, just like the publishers of how-to books, software publishers are protected by the First Amendment.

Att det här är en ödesfråga inte bara för USA utan för hela västvärlden står utan all tvekan.
Och det är inte konstigt att Time Magazine nu har satt Tim Cook på sitt omslag.

Lev Grossman skriver i New York Times: Inside Apple CEO Tim Cook’s Fight With the FBI

To be clear: Apple complied with, and actively assisted, the FBI’s investigation, right up until it didn’t. There was plenty of cordial back-and-forth, exchanges of information and know-how. “We gave them some unsolicited advice–we said, take the phone to the home or apartment and power it, plug it in and let it back up. And as it turned out, they came back and said, Well, that didn’t work.” It emerged that resetting the iCloud password had been a serious tactical error: they could’ve gotten the phone to make a fresh backup of itself automatically, but once you change the iCloud password, it won’t back itself up without the pass code.

That’s when the FBI made a further request: O.K., Apple didn’t have the pass code, but maybe it could code up a new version of iOS 9 without the 10-guess limit (and without enforced pauses between guesses, another security measure) and then persuade the San Bernardino phone to install it? A four-digit pass code has only 10,000 possibilities. The FBI could brute-force that in a day and everybody could go home.

Inside Apple this idea is nicknamed, not affectionately, GovtOS. “We had long discussions about that internally, when they asked us,” Cook says. “Lots of people were involved. It wasn’t just me sitting in a room somewhere deciding that way, it was a labored decision. We thought about all the things you would think we would think about.” The decision, when it came, was no.

Cook actually thought that might be the end of it. It wasn’t: on Feb. 16 the FBI both escalated and went public, obtaining a court order from a federal judge that required Apple to create GovtOS under something called the All Writs Act. Cook took deep, Alabaman umbrage at the manner in which he learned about the court order, which was in the press: “If I’m working with you for several months on things, if I have a relationship with you, and I decide one day I’m going to sue you, I’m a country boy at the end of the day: I’m going to pick up the phone and tell you I’m going to sue you.”

It also wasn’t lost on Cook that the FBI chose not to file the order under seal: if Apple wasn’t going to help with a case of domestic terrorism, the FBI wanted Apple to do it under the full glare of public opinion.

När han flyttade in i Vita Huset var det som en frisk flkt efter åtta tunga år av George Bush. När han flyttar ut kommer det att vara som en kopia av George Bush.

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